In the former scenario the learner plays a passive role and in the latter scenario the learner plays an active role in the learning process.
Gestalt learning theory approach proposes that learning consists of grasping of a structural whole and not just a mechanistic response to a stimulus. Shaping is the successive approximations which involves the reinforcing progress. Although individual performance and peaceful silence provide good prospects for learning, the social occasions of conversation, interaction, and debate also play a critical role in the process.
That must be the purpose of our education system to create independent analytic mind. Some learning approaches that could harbour this interactive learning include reciprocal teaching, peer collaboration, cognitive apprenticeshipproblem-based instruction, web quests, Anchored Instruction and other approaches that involve learning with others.
Social constructivism thus emphasizes the importance of the learner being actively involved in the learning process, unlike previous educational viewpoints where the responsibility rested with the instructor to teach and where the learner played a passive, receptive role.
The constructivist theory is attributed to Jean Piaget who articulated the mechanisms by stating that knowledge is internalized by learners. This theory could happen without any reinforcement and there will be no need for review, training or investigations. The constructivist theory argues that individuals can generate knowledge from interactions between experiences and ideas.
In this century, the information is produced rapidly and renews itself constantly. Koffka theory suggested that he supported the fact that animals are can be participants in learning because they are similar to humans in many ways.
Thus, when an individual needs to learn for a purpose, the individual will find and learn relevant knowledge to achieve that goal. The cognitive approach suggests an important element in the learning process is the knowledge an individual has towards a situation.
Some parents and mathematicians protested the design of textbooks that omitted or de-emphasized instruction of standard mathematical methods. Learning is an active process and I believe, it makes learners as active and creative. In both cases constructivism suggest that learner construct knowledge from experiences.
In the behaviorist approach, they believed that individuals have no free will, and that the environment an individual is place in determines their behavior. It is learning that takes place intentional or unwillingly in individuals. From the social constructivist viewpoint, it is thus important to take into account the background and culture of the learner throughout the learning process, as this background also helps to shape the knowledge and truth that the learner creates, discovers and attains in the learning process.
It is argued that constructivist theories are misleading or contradict known findings. Fox,I believe, we do not learn a definition and go apply it, we learn by looking at things, noticing similarities, bringing those similarities together and exerting ourselves to make sense.
Implications For Education In education, constructivism emerged formally as a theory of knowledge and a theory of learning during the s with the works of Bruner and von Glasersfeld, which attracted the attention of educators during the early s.
This kind of learning leads students to commit to memorize, also prevent them being successful in critical thinking, analysing and solving the problem. This epistemology is often understood in relation or opposition to objectivism.
It is possible to see social constructivism as a bringing together of aspects of the work of Piaget with that of Bruner and Vygotsky.
In the social cultural theory tends to focus not only on how adults or peers influence learning but how an individual culture can impact how learning takes place. The constructivism theory tends to be associated with active learning because5 individuals learn from experiences, something that was already did.
The aims of education have been changed because of the education theories, constructivism and behaviourism. Rather than viewing assessment as a process carried out by one person, such as an instructor, it is seen as a two-way process involving interaction between both instructor and learner.
- Chapter 2: Theoretical Framework: Cognitive Constructivism Theory and Sociocultural Constructivism Theory As stated in Chapter I, to create better readers, many reading specialists agree that word study is a developmentally sound approach to providing reading instruction (Bear et al, ; Ganske, ; Zutell, ).
The approach is based on the Jean Piaget’s learning theory of constructivism. The learning theory proposes that people are able to form meaning in situations by applying known information structures stored through past experiences.
As a theory of learning, constructivism focuses on the implications of “constructing knowledge” for learning. Typically approaching constructivism from a psychological or cultural perspective, educators emphasize the role of learners rather than that of knowledge.
Constructivist Approaches to Acquiring Knowledge Essay - The process of learning and acquiring knowledge is a very interesting and complex task.
The constructivist approach of learning was first expressed by Dewey () in the early 20th century. Constructivism as a theory of learning, or psychological constructivism, emerged from the work of cognitive psychologists such as Piaget, Vygotsky, and Bruner.
With the rise of cultural psychology, two perspectives became dominant: individual constructivism and social constructivism. The constructivist approach of learning was first expressed by Dewey () in the early 20th century.
Dewey has identified a progressive model based on philosophy Rousseau’s writing and on psychological knowledge.Constructivism approach essay